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Japanese troops invade French Indochina and occupy Vietnam with little French resistance. Japanese troops occupying Indochina carry out a coup against French authorities and announce an end to the colonial era, declaring Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia independent.
France begins to reassert its authority over Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh declares an independent North Vietnam and models his declaration on the American Declaration of Independence of in an unsuccessful effort to win the support of the United States. Ho Chi Minh rejects a French proposal granting Vietnam limited self-government and the Viet Minh begins a guerrilla war against the French.
When Was the Vietnam War?
The policy becomes known as the Truman Doctrine. The French install former emperor Bao Dai as head of state in Vietnam. The Soviet Union explodes its first atom bomb in a remote area of Kazakhstan, marking a tense turning point in the Cold War with the United States.
The defeat solidifies the end of French rule in Indochina. In a speech, U. This so-called domino theory guides U. The agreement also stipulates that elections are to be held within two years to unify Vietnam under a single democratic government.
These elections never happen. Kennedy sends helicopters and Green Berets to South Vietnam and authorizes secret operations against the Viet Cong. In Operation Ranch Hand, U. The South Vietnamese are overcome despite their four-to-one advantage and the technical and planning assistance of U.
Eight people, including children, are killed. A year-old monk immolates himself while sitting at a major city intersection in protest, leading other Buddhists to follow suit in coming weeks. Between and12 different governments take the lead in South Vietnam as military coups replace one government after another.
President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas. USS Maddox is allegedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin the attack is later disputedleading President Johnson to call for air strikes on North Vietnamese patrol boat bases.
The Soviet Politburo increases its support to North Vietnam, sending aircraft, artillery, ammunition, small arms, radar, air defense systems, food and medical supplies. Meanwhile, China sends several engineering troops to North Vietnam to assist in building critical defense infrastructure.
The same month, U. President Johnson calls for 50, more ground troops to be sent to Vietnam, increasing the draft to 35, each month. In Operation Starlite, some 5, U.
The six-day operation diffuses the Viet Cong regiment, although it would quickly rebuild. Norman Morrisona year-old pacifist Quaker from Baltimore, sets himself on fire in front of the Pentagon to protest the Vietnam war.
Onlookers encourage him to release his month-old baby daughter, whom he is holding, before he is engulfed in flames. Nearly Americans are killed and hundreds more injured in the first large-scale battle of the war, the Battle of la Drang Valley.
Both sides declare victory. American aircraft attack targets in Hanoi and Haiphong in raids that are among the first such attacks on cities in North Vietnam. Huge Vietnam War protests occur in WashingtonD.
Nguyen Van Thieu wins the presidential election of South Vietnam under a newly enacted constitution. In the Battle of Dak To, U.- Increasing Opposition to the Vietnam War The following is an essay explaining the increasing opposition to the Vietnam War from the American public.
The Vietnam War was a military conflict fought in Vietnam from to The Vietnam War was a domesticated civil war between the communist, North Vietnam, and the democratic, South Vietnam. The North was supported by the Chinese communist, and the leader Ho Chi Minh.
The Vietnam War introduced the United States to the Vietcong and Guerrilla warfare. of the Vietnam War The ear in Vietnam had ended and on the 30th April , the NLF took control of Saigon and renamed it Ho Chi Minh City.
President Thieu resigned and fled the country.
Vietnam became a united country and elections were held in (20 years late). The role of the “Cold War” with the Soviet Union in the beginning of the Vietnam War; Real reasons why the US started the Vietnam War; The comparison of Johnson’s and Nixon’s Vietnam War strategies.
Main objectives of the government of the US and Vietnam during the war. May 03, · Watch video · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
The Vietnam War () essay part 2. The Vietnam War () essay part 1. Moreover, the importance of the Vietnam War can be assessed by the impact of the military conflict on the wider world.