Mar28 Hip hop and misogyny refers to videos, lyrics, and many other aspects in rap music that primarily support and normalize the exploitation and victimization of women. Others have defined it as a direct reflection to mainstream attitudes toward women internalizing negative stereotypes about women. This topic relates to the assigned readings and main issues because it taps directly into the discussion about the interaction between men and women in the African American community.
Definitions[ edit ] Joan Morgan believes that "more than any other generation before us, we need a feminism committed to keeping it real. We need a voice like our music; one that samples and layers many voices, injects its sensibilities into the old and flips it into something new, provocative, and powerful.
We need a feminism that possesses the same fundamental understanding held by any true student of hip-hop. A Hip-Hop Feminist Breaks It Down, Morgan identifies as a feminist and discusses how she loves hip-hop which was known for being misogynistic and homophobic.
This, Morgan notes, are things that seemingly go against feminist ideologies. Morgan comes up with the concept of "fucking with the greys" which to her meant embracing contradictions such as being a feminist while at the same time loving hip-hop and even enjoying the parts of it that are patriarchal and misogynistic.
According to Rinaldo Walcott, debates about hip-hop, homophobia, and queers have failed to acknowledge Hip hops effect on african american feminists centrality of non-heterosexuality to hip hop and rap cultures from its very inception.
Furthermore, because hip-hop emerges from the odd or queer histories of urban black diaspora communities, the claim that hip-hop and rap culture has always been queer is neither revisionist nor a play with language—even if both might be needed in the contemporary settlement of a straightened out hip hop.
He asks that we look at the gestures by individual rappers that work in the service of queering hip hop by providing a fluid or dynamic representation that belies a static and monolithic rendering of the music.
Neal looks to Jay-Z,  a fixture on the hip hop landscape, and assesses the gestures he makes that trouble traditional black masculinity in hip hop representation, particularly as the rapper has tried to negotiate his presence in a genre so tied to youth while he continues to age.
For Neal, queer means a departure from rap masculinity as it is normally rendered. Morris, that hip-hop feminism remains deeply invested in the intersectional approaches developed by earlier black feminists.
To them, Hip-Hop feminists must insist that women and girls of color remain central to analyses, particularly in light of critical gender approaches that treat black women as an addendum to intersectional approaches black women have honed, effectively relegating them to the sidelines of a stage they built.
Within hip-hop feminist studies, hip-hop and feminism act as discrete but constitutive categories that share a dialogic relationship.
They see hip-hop feminism as a generationally specific articulation of feminist consciousness, epistemology, and politics rooted in the pioneering work of multiple generations of black feminists based in the United States and elsewhere in the diaspora but focused on questions and issues that grow out of the aesthetic and political prerogatives of hip-hop culture.
Thus, Hip-hop feminism is concerned with the ways the conservative backlash of the s and s, deindustrialization, the slashing of the welfare state, and the attendant gutting of social programs and affirmative action, along with the increasing racial wealth gap, have affected the life-worlds and worldviews of the hip-hop generation.
Redefining an Answer to Rap", Aisha Durham defines hip-hop feminism as "a socio-cultural, intellectual and political movement grounded in the situated knowledge of women of color from the post-civil rights generation who recognize culture as a pivotal site for political intervention to challenge, resist, and mobilize collectives to dismantle systems of exploitation".
She goes on to further expand on hip-hop feminism as a distinct movement aimed at examining and engaging with the effect culture has on shaping black female identity, sexuality, and feminisms.
According to Durham, hip-hop feminism "acknowledges the way black womanhood is policed in popular culture It is not a pinup for postfeminism put forth by duped daughters who dig misogynistic rap music and the girl-power pussy politic of empowerment. Hip-hop gains its popularity from its oppositionality and from its complicity in reproducing dominant representations of black womanhood.
How do women actively participate in a culture that seems to hate them so vehemently? Hip Hop Feminist Futures in Theory and Praxis", demonstrates that Hip-hop feminism can be used as an explanation for social justice and as a practice in education because it covers a broad spectrum of minorities and their lived experiences which can combat the conception of hip-hop being for Blacks and males.
A lot of the success for hip-hop came from men, however, there are some women who were pioneers to Hip-hop culture. There were all female crews such as The Mercedes Ladies that came during the rise of Hip-hop, before it was coined as a term, that hosted parties, rapped crazy lyrics, and broke out in dance moves similar to male crews without exposing their femininity or female physiques .
Although the Mercedes Ladies are not recognized or as known that much in Hip-hop, they started a movement for female rappers to come and start trying out their MC skills.
This group was the first music artists to appear on national television, making rap and hip-hop television history. When the group ended up going their separate ways, Sha Rock decided to form her own all-female rap group, named Us Girls. Us Girls was then featured in the movie, Beat Street .
Hasan Johnson believes hip-hop can work as an intersectional platform: Missy Elliot a hip-hop feminist Rabaka explains the way in which creative mediums such as hip-hop can be used to wreck the interlocking systems of oppression in America: Between social media and fanbases, music artists can influence and represent social movements.
Social media is a powerful medium for social change to be performed and seen.However, in addition to playing a problematic role in perpetuating sexism and misogyny, Hip Hop culture, also, performs important feminist labor in American and world culture.
By doing feminist work, Hip Hop culture performs a unique and powerful cultural role that is rarely acknowledged. Don't be fooled by the reviews claiming this is an artsy giallo. This is a surreal and extremely tactile movie about female sexuality and senses, with no exploitation, by way of an homage to classic Italian horror.
To answer these questions, I use Hip Hop feminism (Morgan, ; Pough, ) as theory to dissect the portrayals of the characters on the show using textual analysis (Brennen, ). Generally speaking, Hip Hop is a space where male privilege is dominant and women are objectified in videos and lyrics (Fitts, ; Oware, ).
is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. Hip-Hop’s Effect on African-American Feminists Annotated Bibliography Davis, Eisa.
“Sexism and the Art of Feminists Hip-Hop Maintenance.” To be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism. New York: Anchor Books, Don't be fooled by the reviews claiming this is an artsy giallo.
This is a surreal and extremely tactile movie about female sexuality and senses, with no exploitation, by way of an homage to classic Italian horror.