According to the Syrian Center for Policy Research, an independent Syrian research organization, the death toll from the conflict as of February was ,
The race to secure territory and consolidate gains was accompanied by grave violations of human rights and humanitarian law that have come to characterize the Syria conflict.
More thanhave died because of the Syrian conflict sinceaccording to the World Bank, with 5 million seeking refuge abroad and over 6 million displaced internally, according to UN agencies.
By Junethe UN also estimated thatpeople were still living in besieged areas. The Syrian government has launched numerous chemical weapons Syrian human rights violations on civilians in opposition-held areas. Non-state armed groups have also committed a host of violations.
The groups have launched deliberate and indiscriminate attacks against civilians, abducted, and arbitrarily detained activists, used excessive force to stifle protests and interfered with humanitarian aid delivery.
ISIS has reportedly used civilians as human shields, and employed landmines and other IEDs causing significant harm to civilians and civilian infrastructure.
Civilian casualties from airstrikes by the US-led coalition fighting ISIS increased with a local group, the Syrian Network for Human Rights, reporting 2, civilian deaths since the beginning of the campaign until September A number of these strikes raise Syrian human rights violations that the coalition failed to take necessary precautions to avoid and minimize civilian casualties.
Targeting Civilians, Indiscriminate Attacks, Continued Use of Cluster Munitions and Incendiary Weapons Unlawful attacks against civilians and civilian structures in Syria have persisted, with attacks on medical facilities, schools, and mosques.
The Syrian government regained control over opposition-held parts of Aleppo at the end of In their operation, the Russian-Syrian military coalition conducted indiscriminate air attacks, including strikes on several medical facilities, and used incendiary weapons and cluster munitions.
The Violations Documentation Center VDCa local monitoring group, documented the killing of civilians, including 91 children, in aerial attacks in eastern Aleppo between September 19 and October While the number of civilian deaths in Southern Syria decreased following local ceasefire agreements, unlawful attacks persisted.
In June, for example, Russian-Syrian airstrikes and artillery attacks targeted the town of Tafas, south of Daraa, killing 10 civilians in and near a school. Airstrikes targeted several towns and surrounding areas in the province, destroying at least six hospitals and five civil defense centers, resulting in the death of over civilians, according to the Syrian Civil Defense.
Cluster munition attacks by Syrian government forces on opposition-held areas continued unabated. At least separate attacks using cluster munitions in Syria between August and July were reported by local activists, first responders, and medical personnel.
Human Rights Watch recorded at least 22 air attacks with incendiary weapons in Unlawful Restrictions on Humanitarian Aid, Sieges, and Forced Displacements The siege of civilian areas and restrictions on humanitarian aid by government and pro-government forces and by armed opposition groups continued in UN OCHA estimate that aroundpersons were trapped in besieged areas as of June with the majority besieged by government forces in Eastern Ghouta.
Humanitarian conditions in besieged opposition enclaves rapidly deteriorated inforcing communities in several besieged areas to surrender to the terms of brokered ceasefire and evacuation deals with the government.
The UN Commission of Inquiry and Amnesty International have found that some of these evacuations are unlawful and constitute forced displacement.
May 1, Video Video: New Evidence Shows Pattern of Chemical Weapons Use in Syria New evidence supports the conclusion that Syrian government forces have used nerve agents on at least four occasions in recent months: Clinical symptoms affecting victims of the chemical weapons attack in Khan Sheikhoun suggested that an organophosphorus compound, which targets the nervous system, was used.
The attack killed at least 92, including 30 children, and injured hundreds more. Russia vetoed the renewal of the JIM whose mandate ended in November.
Human Rights Watch also documented government helicopters dropping chlorine on at least eight occasions in the offensive to recapture Aleppo, indicating widespread and systematic use of chemical weapons. The US said it struck a meeting of al-Qaeda members but local residents said that the victims were all civilians attending evening prayers.
Statements by US military after the attack indicate they failed to understand the targeted building was a mosque, that prayer was about to begin, and that a religious lecture was taking place at the time of the attack. The United States did conduct an investigation into the airstrike, and found it legal, though it failed to clarify the factors that led to that determination or consult external actors.
The UN Commission of Inquiry found the strike was unlawful as US forces failed to take all feasible precautions to minimize loss of civilian life. September 25, Video Video: According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group, around 1, civilians died in airstrikes launched by coalition planes since the campaign to retake the city of Raqqa began.Greater United States and Russian engagement on Syria and efforts to reach a political settlement in failed to significantly reduce egregious violations of human rights and humanitarian law.
The list of human rights violations by the Syrian government is long and extensive. Throughout the last 40 years, the majority of the Syrian population has been persecuted by the government.
It is unlikely that these circumstances will change without significant regime change at the end of the current crisis. Human Rights Watch is a (C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe.
Join our movement today. The race to secure territory and consolidate gains was accompanied by grave violations of human rights and humanitarian law that have come to characterize the Syria conflict.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has documented the deaths of 28 people were killed yesterday including 5 members of the regime forces In Aleppo Province, a child was killed by an IED explosion in. Human Rights Council: Stop human rights violations in Syria.
The Syrian Government’s crackdown against protesters in an effort to crush opposition prompted the UN Human Rights Council to hold a special session to discuss the human rights situation in .